Corruption is a crucial impeding factor to social and economic development endeavours worldwide. Especially in sub-Saharan Africa, it remains one of the most crucial challenges to alleviate social imbalances and to overcome poverty. Current studies indicate that corruption adds more than 10 percent to the cost of doing business in many countries. Political corruption, according to the United Nations (UN), costs governments about $1.6 trillion every year.

As corruption is a practice that affects many sectors and members of society, it needs to be fought from two sides: by combating corruptibility in the public sector; and by eradicating bribery in the private sector. Transparent and ethical business practices of both sides need to be enhanced.

CCPS’ knowledge in the field of anti-corruption activities mainly relates to the private sector’s business practices. Hence, this Resource Kit is a compilation of our experiences, instruments and best practices, and of publications. Also included are various key documents of relevant regional and international organisations. It aims to share our experiences with businesses and support their efforts in fighting corruption.

Its added-value lies in it having captured useful insights and experiences which encompass many aspects of corruption relevant to the private sector - mainly experiences gleaned from businesses worldwide. Included are exemplary steps and processes for non-corruptive business practices useful for in-company anti-corruption activities. It also provides many useful links to selected initiatives relating to individual African countries, Africa-wide and globally.

The Resource Kit is mainly intended for use by business managers, in particular those who are responsible for anti-corruption programmes within their company and beyond its boundaries. It also includes material relevant to small and medium-size enterprises and to foreign investors. However, it is also useful for public institutions and non-governmental organisations, academia, donor agencies and other players engaged in the field of anti-corruption.

It is my hope that the Resource Kit will support on-going, business-led initiatives in the fight against corruption and, simultaneously, that it will inspire new collaborative action in the area.

Doris Popp
GTZ-Centre for Cooperation with the Private Sector CCPS
Pretoria, December 2009