Guidelines


The following section contains various sets of broad-based guidelines to assist organisations and corporations with fighting corruption and implementing programmes to root out the practice. You will find more information on specific global industry sectors among the external links dealing with sector-wide initiatives against corruption. For information on the international organisations mentioned see the Global Organisations page.


International Guidelines and Guiding Tools

Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises
(Source: OECD)

The Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises are recommendations jointly addressed by governments to multinational enterprises. The document contains a declaration on international investment and multinational enterprises, guidelines for multinational enterprises, implementation procedures and commentaries. It provides principles and standards of good practice consistent with applicable laws.
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Anti-Corruption Instruments
(Source: OECD)

Anti-Corruption Instruments provides an overview of the OECD integrity instruments; and of seven major international anti-corruption instruments. The document also reviews the main international private initiatives in this field.
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Risk Awareness Tool for Multinational Enterprises in Weak Governance Zones
(Source: OECD)

The OECD Risk Awareness Tool for Multinational Enterprises in Weak Governance Zones aims to help companies that invest in countries where governments are unwilling or unable to assume their responsibilities. It addresses risks and ethical dilemmas that companies are likely to face in such weak governance zones, including obeying the law, observing international instruments, heightened care in managing investments, knowing business partners and clients, dealing with public sector officials, and speaking out about wrongdoing.
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Business Principles for Countering Bribery: Six Step Process
(Source: Transparency International)

In addition to Transparency International’s Business Principles for Countering Bribery: Guidance Document, it has developed a practical guide for companies to implement anti-bribery policies and programmes. The Business Principles for Countering Bribery: Six Step Process covers various aspects including the planning of an implementation approach; detailed integration of the programme into the enterprise; communication and training; monitoring, review and improvement processes.
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ICC Guidelines on Whistleblowing
(Source: International Chamber of Commerce)

The ICC Guidelines on Whistleblowing help companies to establish and implement internal whistleblowing programs. These guidelines are based on the broad experience and practice of ICC member companies across a wide range of sectors and jurisdictions. They are also inspired by a large number of international and national legal provisions.
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Business Without Corruption: An action guide (for SMEs)
(Source: USAID)

This publication was jointly developed by USAID, CIPE and two Russian NGOs, IDEM and OPORA. It serves to give small business owners tools to resist corruption and strategies to survive and grow in an extremely aggressive environment. They involve rejecting corrupt ways of doing business. The guide is based on experiences in Russia, but themes are universal and include a number of practical examples on how to improve behaviour and performance.
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CIPE Reform Toolkit
(Source: Center for International Private Enterprise)

This document introduces important concepts, explains how to address the underlying causes of corruption, and suggests concrete areas in which the private sector can lead governance reform. Chapters include: costs and causes of corruption; stages in the fight against corruption; demand- and supply-side ways to fight corruption; case studies of anti-corruption programs in Bulgaria, Colombia, and Serbia.
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Fighting Corruption Through Collective Action – A Guide for Business
(Source: World Bank Institute)

A coalition of interested businesses and other experienced anti-corruption experts has produced this guide to support the global business community and other stakeholders. In addition to the World Bank Institute, stakeholders like the UN Global Compact, CIPE, Transparency International, the Global Advice Network, Grant Thornton and Siemens have been involved. The guide serves companies to meet the legal, competitive, economic and ethical challenges posed by corruption. It prescribes collective action – a broader alliance – in the fight against corruption and provides incentives for companies to become more actively involved. It also demonstrates how collective action can support SMEs in their fight against corruption.
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UNGC Guidance Document
(Source: United Nations Global Compact)

The UNGC developed a Guidance Document - Implementation of the 10th principle against Corruption which provides a description of the the principle, that businesses should work against corruption in all its forms, including extortion and bribery. It also contains information on the United Nations Conventions Against Corruption (UNCAC) and related guides and principles from Transparency International, the International Chamber of Commerce and the World Economics Forum’s Partnership Against Corruption Initiative (PACI) – all of which are represented in this section. It also provides guidance on reporting on corruption and comprises good practices and examples.
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Guidelines in South Africa

Organisational Approaches against corruption: What are the Golden Rules?
(Source: Willem Punt, Ethics Institute of South Africa)

In this article Willem Punt of Ethics SA provides a general overview on options, requirements, and steps to take to combat corruption. Respective policy frameworks, standard setting and ethical leadership factors such as institutionalisation, capacity building within management, risk measurement, communication within the organisation and training, play a major role. The text is an appropriate introduction to other guidelines.
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Information Guide for Foreign Investors
(Source: BUSA)

Business Unity South Africa (BUSA) is a unified organisation for business in South Africa and represents business on macro-economic and high-level issues that affect business at national and international levels. The Information Guide For Foreign Investors is intended as a starting point for foreign businesses who want to invest in South Africa, but it also serves local companies. It includes a chapter on the regulatory and business environment in South Africa and informs on ethics-related options for foreign investors.
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Anti-Corruption Guide for SMEs
(Source: BUSA)

The Anti-Corruption Guide for SMEs was developed after research showed that SMEs are more vulnerable to corruption than larger enterprises. The guide serves as a source of information to help SMEs understand anti-corruption laws, where to draw the line, and how to build an ethical business.
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Anti-Corruption Capacity Requirement
(Source: South African Department of Public Service & Administration)

The DPSA has developed a Public Service Anti-Corruption Strategy and new anti-corruption legislation has been introduced in parliament. In an effort to gauge the extent of corruption and access departments' capacity to deal with corruption the publication Anti-Corruption Capacity Requirements was developed. The document is aimed at public service officials, but can also be used by the private sector. It provides guidance on how to create the ‘minimum anti-corruption capacity’ and gives a detailed overview of an integrated anti-corruption strategy. Specific measures include detecting, investigating and preventing corruption. The guidelines will be helpful for anyone who has an oversight role over these functions and any role-players in an anti-corruption strategy.
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