Other Case Studies
This section contains selected excerpts from the publication Case Studies and Examples. The publication was developed by the UN Global Compact in partnership with the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime UNODC, as well as Transparency International. It offers case studies and efforts by business to support collective action against corruption and implement the 10th principle of the UN Global Compact. It also illustrates the dilemmas individual businesses/organisations faced in this process. The case studies cover the following fields of action: Implementation of anti-corruption programmes; control and compliance methods; collective action; national and regional campaigns.
The excerpts below deal with the individual fields of action and are all contained in the publication. View the full publication here.
Implementation of Anti-Corruption Programmes
Translating Global Values Into Local Practice
(Author: Michael H. Pedersen – Company: Novozymes)
A key challenge when devising business integrity measures is striking a balance between two contrasting objectives: upholding international consistency on the one hand and respecting and adapting to local cultural traditions on the other. This case represents an account of Novozymes’ process of striking this balance by utilising the UN Global Compact principle on anti-corruption as a reference framework for business integrity.
The Corporate Ethics Framework - A Road to Fighting Corruption
(Author: Richard Lanaud - Company: Total)
The Total Group devised a dedicated anti-corruption process with five main thrusts: identifying the risks they are dealing with; making their position on corruption clear by integrating the standard anti-corruption processes and developing a Code of Ethics; monitoring employees’ concerns and providing support where needed; verifying compliance with rules and principles; and evaluating and improving performance. The various steps within this framework are presented in this excerpt.
Control and compliance methods
Internal Reporting and Whistle-Blowing
(Source: José Tabuena & Chris Mondini – Company: Deloitte Financial Advisory Services LLP)
The use of help-lines is expanding internationally and numerous countries have significant percentages of organisations with policies and procedures that encourage employee reporting of violations. The growing popularity of help-lines has raised legal and regulatory concerns about their use. For instance, the European legal system differs from the U.S. and privacy laws vary tremendously. This can be especially challenging for businesses when exchanging information between multiple jurisdictions. This case study is a short and specific account of the use of a whistle-blower helpline in working against corruption within an organisation. More information on whistle-blowing can be found here.
Integrity Due Diligence
(Author: Michael Price – Company: Statoil)
Integrity due diligence is the process of mitigating risk arising from association with a third party who may be, or may have been engaged in unethical or illegal practices. The risk may exist as a direct liability incurred by the company through its association, or it may take the form of reputation damage by association. This type of risk is particularly significant when the company is operating in an unfamiliar environment where local partners are previously unknown to the company and information on local ethical practices is scarce. The case study highlights the steps to take and gives examples of so-called ‘red flags”.
(Author: Juanita Olaya – Organisation: Transparency International)
Transparency International’s Integrity Pacts offers ways of collaborative action to prevent corruption in public contracting. It is a tool to help governments, businesses and civil society fight corruption in the field of public contracting. The Integrity Pact consists of an agreement between a government or a government department and any company bidding for a public sector contract. The agreement contains rights and obligations to the effect that neither side will pay, offer, demand or accept bribes of any sort, or collude with competitors to obtain the contract, or while carrying it out. The document describes the requirements for a well-functioning integrity pact and includes examples of countries where it has been successfully applied. The Integrity Pact document can be found here.
Convention on Business Integrity
(Author: Soji Apampa - Company: SAP Nigeria Ltd)
The Convention on Business Integrity (CBI) is a project to facilitate business transactions in or with Nigeria without corruption. The vision of the CBI is to convince Nigerian society to be intolerant of corruption, which strikes at the heart of the market economy, distorting decision-making and rewarding the corrupt and manipulative rather than the efficient and productive. CBI promotes ethical conduct in business, as well as competence, transparency, accountability, and a commitment to doing what is right, just, and fair. Its member organisations include numerous local and multinational businesses. The case study describes details of the convention, the steps and perceived obstacles and solutions within the process of implementing it.
FIDIC Business Integrity Management System
(Author: Jorge Díaz Padilla - Organisation: International Federation of Consulting Engineers)
The International Federation of Consulting Engineers (FIDIC) advocates ethical integrity to fight corruption on the supply side. It reflects the importance of integrity through an organization’s entire operations and delivery chain. In this document a number of principles of integrity management are pointed out, including the approach and requirements for a “Business Integrity Management System”.
World Economic Forum Partnering Against Corruption Initiative (PACI)
(Author: Christoph Frei & Valerie Weinzierl Organisation: World Economic Forum)
The case study describes the three major objectives of the PACI and the substantial progress on all three objectives the PACI has made, in particular with regard to supporting companies in implementing their commitment and developing appropriate means of verification and compliance.
National and Regional Campaigns
Brasil: Promoting Integrity and the Fight Against Corruption
(Author: Ricardo Young – Organisation: Instituto Ethos
Author: Oded Grajew – Organisation: Global Compact Committee, Brazil)
In 2005, Brazilian businessmen presented the Private Sector Pact for Promoting Integrity and Fighting Corruption at stock exhcange in Sao Paolo. The pact was initiated to reduce corruption in Brazil by increasing transparency in relations between the public and private sectors. It consists of nine recommendations for businesses that will bring transparency to their transactions, particularly regarding contributions to electoral campaigns. It encompasses a detailed list of steps to take.
Eastern Cape - Introduction of Regional Anti-Corruption Programmes
(Author: Willem Punt Organisation: Ethics Institute of South Africa)
The Eastern Cape Province is one of nine provinces in the Republic of South Africa. Although rich in material and cultural resources, it is regarded as one of the least developed regions in the Republic. The Provincial Anti-Corruption Action Plan is a result of a multi-stakeholder process to tackle corruption on a provincial level and covers a set of resolutions and activities, including blacklisting and greylisting.